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- Alan Cole - Derby is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of the county of Derbyshire, of which it is the county town.

The Roman camp of 'Derventio' was probably at Little Chester/Chester Green, the site of the old Roman fort. Later the town was one of the 'Five Boroughs' (fortified towns) of the Danelaw, until it was captured by Lady Aethelflaed of Mercia in July 917, subsequent to which the town was annexed into the Kingdom of Mercia. Djúra-bý, recorded in Anglo-Saxon as Deoraby "Village of the Deer".

As home to Lombe's Mill, an early British factory, Derby is considered a birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.

However, it is The Derby to which most of the items in the collection refer.

The Derby Stakes, popularly known as The Derby,is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Epsom Downs in Surrey over a distance of one mile, four furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 metres), and is scheduled for early June each year.It is Britain's richest horse race, and the most prestigious of the five Classics.The Derby originated at a celebration following the first running of the Oaks Stakes in 1779. A new race was planned, and it was decided that it should be named after either the host of the party, the 12th Earl of Derby, or one of his guests, Sir Charles Bunbury. According to legend the decision was made by the toss of a coin, but it is probable that Bunbury, the Steward of the Jockey Club, deferred to his host.

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